Lee University Catalog 2018-2019 
    
    Jun 02, 2020  
Lee University Catalog 2018-2019 [Archived Catalog]

Course Descriptions


 

Athletic Training

  
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    ATEP 504 - Evidence-Based Clinical Education Competency IV


    This practicum-style course will provide instruction, practice and application of clinical proficiencies as established by the NATA Education Council. Students will review educational knowledge and skills which are expanded into clinically integrated proficiencies as instructed in the classroom setting and practiced and evaluated in laboratory and clinical settings.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-503

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    ATEP 510 - Foundational Concepts of Injury Pathology and Treatment


    At the completion of this course students will be able to differentiate between various forms of injury while integrating the physics, chemistry and physiological concepts of healing and pain in order to make informed treatment and rehabilitative decisions. Additionally, students will be able to analyze current professional practice standards and research in order to guide evidence based practice

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 4
  
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    ATEP 520 - Emergency Assessment and Treatment of Sports Conditions


    At the completion of this course students are expected to master and demonstrate professional rescuer level skills. Additionally, students will be able to design emergency action plans to provide the fastest and most appropriate medical response to various general medical and sport related conditions.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    ATEP 530 - Orthopedic Assessments of Spine and Lower Extremities


    At the completion of this course students will identify common injuries and illnesses of the lower body and spine including the etiological factors, signs, symptoms, and management of these injuries. Students will be able to provide differential diagnosis for injuries and conditions to the spine, pelvis, hip, knee, leg, ankle and foot.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-510

     

    Credit Hours: 3
    Notes
    Requires co-requisite enrollment in lab component, ATEP-530L.

  
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    ATEP 530L - Orthopedic Assessments of Spine and Lower Extremities Lab


    At the completion of this course students will demonstrate effective psychomotor abilities necessary to diagnose common injuries and illnesses of the lower body and spine including the etiological factors, signs, symptoms, and management of these injuries. 

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-510

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    This course must be taken concurrently with ATEP-530.
  
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    ATEP 535 - Orthopedic Assessments of Spine and Upper Extremities


    At the completion of this course students will identify common injuries and illnesses of the lower body and spine including the etiological factors, signs, symptoms, and management of these injuries.  Students will be able to provide differential diagnosis for injuries and conditions to the thoracic spine, cervical spine, head, and upper extremities.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-530

    Credit Hours: 3
    Notes
    Requires co-requisite enrollment in ATEP-535L.
  
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    ATEP 535L - Orthopedic Assessments of Spine and Upper Extremities Lab


    At the completion of this course students will demonstrate effective psychomotor abilities necessary to diagnose common injuries and illnesses of the upper body, cervical and thoracic spine, and head including the etiological factors, signs, symptoms, and management of these injuries. 

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-530

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    This course must be taken concurrently with ATEP-535.
  
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    ATEP 540 - Research Methods and Statistics


    This course will teach students to critically analyze various research methodologies in order to assess for research strength, validity, and clinical applicability. Additionally, this course will provide an in-depth understanding of the utilization and interpretation of quantitative statistics and qualitative data analysis in order to apply to various forms of research methods.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 4
  
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    ATEP 541 - Clinical Integration of Research I


    At the completion of this course students will have designed a specific research project and begun the process of subject recruitment and data collection. Additionally, students will have written complete introduction and research methods sections for a potential journal publication or conference presentation.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-540

    Credit Hours: 1
  
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    ATEP 542 - Clinical Integration of Research II


    At the completion of this course, students will have completed research data collection, statistical or qualitative data analysis, and results interpretation. Additionally, students will have finalized a research article ready for journal submission or conference presentation.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-541

    Credit Hours: 1
  
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    ATEP 550 - Therapeutic Modalities


    This course will introduce the basic scientific concepts associated with utilizing therapeutic modalities throughout the process of preventing, treating, and rehabilitating orthopedic injuries and conditions along with certain general medical illnesses. Additionally, the course will critically analyze current research evidence regarding specific modality use in a variety of populations in order for the students to make informed clinical decisions.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
    Notes
    Requires co-requisite enrollment in ATEP-550L.
  
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    ATEP 550L - Therapeutic Modalities Lab


    This course applies the basic scientific concepts associated with utilizing therapeutic modalities throughout the process of preventing, treating, and rehabilitating orthopedic injuries and conditions, along with certain general medical illnesses, through practical application of laboratory experiences.

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    This course must be taken concurrently with ATEP-550.
  
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    ATEP 560 - Leadership, Administration, and Ethics in Athletic Training


    At the completion of this on-line, blended course students will acquire basic legal, ethical, and spiritual knowledge to help them reduce risk in the work place. Additionally, students will appraise current legal issues for certified athletic trainers as it relates to the Foundational Behaviors of Professional Practice in Athletic Training and other healthcare professionals. Administration, leadership, reimbursement, and documentation skills will be emphasized with practical application being assessed.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-510

    Credit Hours: 2
  
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    ATEP 565 - Professional Assimilation and Current Topics


    At the completion of this on-line course the students will be able to interact professionally in an interview setting, apply for employment, and react to difficult professional situations in a respectful and meaningful way. Students will be knowledgeable of the impact of reimbursement and insurance issues. Students will develop strategies for lowering healthcare cost and develop corporate workplace safety plans.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-560

    Credit Hours: 2
  
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    ATEP 570 - Therapeutic Interventions I


    At the completion of this course the students will be able to design and demonstrate proper treatment and rehabilitative protocols for a variety of orthopedic and psychological conditions. Students will be able to treat various general medical and orthopedic conditions from a holistic treatment approach.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-550

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    ATEP 575 - Therapeutic Interventions II


    At the completion of this course students will be able to design and demonstrate proper treatment and rehabilitative protocols for a variety of orthopedic and psychological conditions. Students will be able to treat various general medical and orthopedic conditions from a holistic treatment approach.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-570

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    ATEP 590 - General Medical Conditions and Management


    This course combines pathology of common illness with basic pharmacological treatment principles for athletic trainers treating physically active populations. This course provides students with a foundational knowledge and skills of an entry-level athletic trainer to recognize, treat, and refer when appropriate, the general medical conditions and disabilities of patients. Additionally, students will be introduced to basic pharmacological principles necessary to make appropriate treatment decisions.

    Prerequisites
    ATEP-510

    Credit Hours: 3

Bible

  
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    BIBL 101 - Old Testament Survey


    A study of the Old Testament, its translations and historical background giving the student a survey of each book as a unit. This course is primarily a survey of Old Testament history and literature.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
    When Offered
    Every semester
    Notes
    FOR MAJORS IN THE SCHOOL OF RELIGION.

    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 102 - New Testament Survey


    A study of the intertestamental period and the development of the Gospels with attention given to the life and teachings of Christ continuing with Acts through Revelation. Special attention is given to the early development of the church.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
    When Offered
    Every semester
    Notes
    FOR MAJORS IN THE SCHOOL OF RELIGION.

    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 110 - Message of the New Testament


    This course is designed to explore the essential message of the New Testament with regard to key passages, persons and events. This study is set into the historical context of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ and its resultant missionary movement. Special emphasis is given to biblical principles for Christian living from an Evangelical- Pentecostal perspective.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
    When Offered
    Every semester
    Notes
    DESIGNED FOR NON-SCHOOL OF RELIGION MAJORS.
  
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    BIBL 111 - Message of the Old Testament


    A study of the essential message of the Old Testament with regard to key passages, persons and events in the context of Israel’s history. Special emphasis is given to biblical principles for Christian living from an Evangelical-Pentecostal perspective.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 3
    When Offered
    Every semester
    Notes
    DESIGNED FOR NON-SCHOOL OF RELIGION MAJORS.
  
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    BIBL 204 - Gospel of John (DAL)


    An expository study in which attention is given to the theological significance of the book, noting especially Christ’s deity and humanity, signs, death and resurrection. Johannine authorship is discussed and some comparisons are made with the Synoptic Gospels.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101, BIBL-102 and BIBL-261

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 206 - Acts (DAL)


    This course includes a detailed study of the book of Acts, the missionary development of the early church, the life and journeys of Paul, and geographical and social backgrounds as they relate to the development of the early church.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101, BIBL-102 and BIBL-261

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 261 - Methods of Bible Study (DAL)


    A study using the inductive method of Bible study; skills of making extensive observations on selected Biblical texts; discussion of critical questions, geographical and historical backgrounds, special topics, biographies; and acquaintance with various resources that are valuable tools in Bible study.

    Prerequisites
    ENGL-106

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 300 - Religion Colloquy


    Weekly discussion of selected topics to be continued throughout the semester.

    Credit Hours: 1-3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 301 - Deuteronomy


    A detailed study of Deuteronomy. Special emphasis will be given to the place of the book in the Pentateuch, the use of it by Jesus and the early Church, and the Jewish rabbinic interpretations of the book.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 302 - Prison Epistles


    An expository study of the epistles to the Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon and Philippians. Date, authorship, and the occasion are briefly considered for each book. The major part of the course is devoted to the interpretation and relevance of the Pauline Epistles.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Additional DAL prerequisites: BIBL-261 and THEO-230/THEO-250.

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.

  
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    BIBL 303 - Wisdom Literature


    A study of the Old Testament texts generally recognized as wisdom books: Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Job. Consideration will be given to the relation of these books to the Old Testament as a whole as well as their individual theological and ethical thrusts.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    DAL additional prerequisites:  BIBL-261 and THEO-230/THEO-250.
     

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.

  
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    BIBL 304 - Pastoral Epistles


    An expository treatment of the two epistles to Timothy and to Titus; supplemented with appropriate exegetical material. Special attention is given to the position, qualifications, and office of both the elder and the deacon.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110. 

    DAL additional prerequisites:  BIBL-261 and THEO-230.
     

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.

  
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    BIBL 307 - Psalms and Song of Solomon


    A study of the Old Testament books of Psalms and Song of Solomon. Special attention is given to poetic genre, literary forms, principles of interpretation and theological content. The study will consider both historical and contemporary traditions of interpretation. The course will explore select ways in which these books inform Christian discipleship and worship.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 308 - Hebrews (DAL)


    This course consists of an exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, giving special attention to historical contextualization and to textual references from the Old Testament. It also relates the Epistle to the Hebrews to the wider corpus of the General Epistles in terms of Christology and the eschatological expectations of the early church.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 309 - Historical Books of the Old Testament


    A study of the books of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, and 1 & 2 Kings in their cultural, historical, and literary setting.  Special attention will be given to how these texts present the authors’ theological motivations in order to explain Israel’s history in light of the exile.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 311 - The Prophets


    A study of the life and times of the prophets. An outline study is made of each book, with some attention given to present-day and homiletic use.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL- 102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 312 - Synoptic Gospels


    A course designed to look at the interrelatedness of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke with a special emphasis on their presentation of Christ.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.
    DAL additional prerequisites: BIBL-261 and BIBL-230

     

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.

  
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    BIBL 313 - Minor Prophets (DAL)


    A brief study of the life and times of the minor prophets. An outline study is made of each book with some attention given to present-day and homiletic use.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 and BIBL-261

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 314 - Luke-Acts


    This course will study the books of Luke and Acts as a two-part narrative. Attention will be given to Luke’s use of Christian traditions, to the literary character and structure of the work, and to theological and socio-cultural themes in the Lukan narrative.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 316 - Johannine Literature


    This course concerns an investigation of the Gospel of John in terms of authorship, date, logistics and introduction to critical problems. Respecting the Fourth Gospel it also concerns theology of the prologue, exposition of the miracle narrative/discourse sequencing comprising the larger part of the book, and appropriate comparisons to the Synoptic Gospels. It includes, furthermore, a thematic study of the Letters of John, focusing on Christian community, false teaching and church order, urgent concerns in the late apostolic period. The course does not consider the Book of Revelation.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 337 - Theology of the Old Testament


    An exegetical, historical study of the theology of the Old Testament emphasizing God, humanity and the interrelation between the two.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 338 - Theology of the New Testament


    An exegetical, historical study of the theology of the New Testament with special attention given to Pauline, Johannine, Petrine, and Jewish-Christian formulations of theology.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 398 - Historical Geography and Archaeology of the Bible


    A travel-study program in Israel designed to provide the student with an on-the-scene study opportunity to correlate biblical and historical materials with Palestinian sites. Lectures, on campus and on-site, presume a working knowledge of the biblical text. Priority will be given to graduating seniors in the School of Religion, but the travel program in Israel is open to other students, faculty and friends of the university as space allows.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 6
  
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    BIBL 399 - Biblical Lands Study Tour


    A summer travel-study program in Israel and other biblical lands designed to provide the student with an on-the-scene study opportunity to correlate biblical and historical materials with biblical sites. Lectures, on campus and on-site, presume a working knowledge of the biblical text. Priority will be given to graduating seniors in the School of Religion, but the travel program in Israel is open to other students, faculty and friends of the university as space allows.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110.

    Credit Hours: 6
  
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    BIBL 401 - Intertestamental Period


    A study of the history and literature of the intertestamental period leading up to the first advent of Christ. In addition to the apocryphal books, the Qumran scrolls will be read and discussed and their significance for the New Testament period considered.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 402 - Romans and Galatians


    A comparative, expository and theological study of the Epistles to the Romans and Galatians with emphasis on the cardinal Christian doctrines as formulated in these documents. The course includes a study of the influences of both Judaism and Hellenism on the cultural and religious scene in the first century A.D.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    DAL additional prerequisites:  BIBL-261, and junior status. 

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.

  
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    BIBL 404 - I and II Corinthians


    An expository and theological study of I and II Corinthians. Special attention is given to the doctrinal and practical issues faced in the early Christian community in the Hellenistic world, taking into account the cultural and religious environments of the day.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    DAL additional prerequisites:  BIBL-261 and junior status.

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.

  
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    BIBL 406 - General Epistles


    An English Bible book study in I and II Peter, James and Jude. Primary emphasis is placed on an inductive study of the contents of each book.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
    Open to Division of Adult Learning students.
  
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    BIBL 410 - Revelation


    A study of the book of Revelation with appropriate consideration of Early Jewish literature, the New Testament, and other apocalyptic passages. Special attention is given to the language and symbolism of the book.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 421 - Pentateuch


    A detailed study of the first five books of the Old Testament with special attention to their social and theological contexts and composition. The course will also consider the questions of legal and cultic authority and the figure of Moses in the portrayal of that authority.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
    This course is also available for students in a Division of Adult Learning program.
  
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    BIBL 450 - Directed Study in Biblical Studies


    A study of an approved aspect of biblical/theological inquiry in which the student contracts with the director of the study concerning course requirements, evaluation procedure and course credit.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 1-4
  
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    BIBL 470 - Biblical Book Studies


    This course will focus on careful exegetical analysis of select biblical books.  Matters of interpretation and close study of the biblical text will be pursued.  The specific biblical book(s) under examination will vary from year to year.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or 111, and BIBL-102 or 110.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 483 - Special Topics in Biblical Studies


    This course provides an intensive study of selected topics in biblical studies. Topics will vary by semester.

    Prerequisites
    BIBL-101 or BIBL-111, and BIBL-102 or BIBL-110

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 501 - Judaism in the Greco-Roman Period


    A study of the history and literature of the intertestamental period leading up to the first advent of Christ. In addition to the apocryphal books, the Qumran scrolls will be read and discussed and their significance for the New Testament period considered.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 502 - Romans and Galatians


    A comparative, expository, and theological study of the Epistles to the Romans and Galatians with emphasis on the cardinal Christian doctrines as formulated in these documents. The course includes a study of the influences of both Judaism and Hellenism on the cultural and religious scene in the first century C.E.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 504 - I and II Corinthians


    An expository and theological study of I and II Corinthians. Special attention is given to the doctrinal and practical issues faced in the early Christian community in the Hellenistic world, taking into account the cultural and religious environments of the day.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 550 - Biblical Criticism/ Hermeneutics


    This course will explore several schools of biblical criticism (source, reaction, and form criticism), and various hermeneutical approaches. Particular attention will be given to tracing the influence of German philosophy on contemporary continental theology. Martin Heidegger’s role in forming the hermeneutic of Rudolph Bultmann and the resultant schools of interpretation arising from the latter will be studied in detail. In addition, more recent forms of criticism will be considered, including reader-response, social-scientific, and postmodern theory.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 555 - The Parables


    This course aims to acquaint students with critical issues related to reading, translating, and interpreting Jesus’s parables in the Synoptic Gospels. It will pay close attention to important works in NT scholarship dealing with the parables, and will provide students with an opportunity to conduct and present their own research on one of these clever stories.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 560 - People Groups in Early First Century Judea: Social, Political and Religious Reflections


    This course will examine the role and function of various people groups mentioned in the gospels for the purpose of better understanding the message of Jesus, the struggles of the first believers and the experience of Paul. The Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots, “People of the Land,” tax collectors, sinners, Hellenists and Hebrews will all be studied.

     

    Credit Hours: 3

  
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    BIBL 564 - Jesus and the Gospels


    This course provides opportunities to study two interrelated areas of research: (1) the life and teaching of Jesus of Nazareth; and (2) the nature of the canonical Gospels. We will survey important, “classic” works of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that bear upon questions relating to Jesus and the Gospels. Such works will include the following: Schweizer’s The Quest of the Historical Jesus, Wrede’s The Messicanic Secret, Kahler’s The So-Called Historical Jesus and the Biblical-Historical Christ, Dibelius’s From Tradition to the Gospel, Bultmann’s History of the Synoptic Tradition, Dodd’s Apostolic Preaching and Its Developments, and other recent modern studies.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 565 - Dead Sea Scrolls


    This course concerns the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the community that dwelt at Qumran.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 568 - Advanced Pauline Studies


    This course will examine the major contours of Paul’s thought through an intensive study of the primary sources, as well as extensive readings in the secondary literature. Its method will be to identify, organize and examine such key elements as the theology, anthropology, soteriology and ecclesiology of the Apostle Paul.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
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    BIBL 570 - Book Studies: Exegesis Seminar


    This course will focus on a careful exegetical analysis of the Greek or Hebrew text of the book under discussion. Matters of interpretation and elements of advanced grammar will be discussed. The specific book chosen for the seminar may vary from year to year. Repeatable for credit as long as a different book is being studied.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 581 - Pentateuch


    A detailed study of the first five books of the Old Testament with special attention to their composition and social and theological contexts. The course will also consider the questions of legal and cultic authority and the figure of Moses in the portrayal of that authority.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 583 - Ethics of the Old Testament


    An interactive study of the ethical teachings of the Old Testament with special attention being given to texts that cause ethical dilemmas for an individual in a twenty-first century context.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 593 - Directed Study in Biblical Studies


    A study of an approved area of biblical or theological studies, in which the student contracts with the director of the study concerning course requirements, course scheduling and evaluation procedure. This course may not be used to substitute for core courses.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 594 - Special Topics in Biblical Studies


    An intensive study of selective topics in biblical studies, including research and critical evaluation of primary and secondary sources. This cannot be used as a substitute for core classes.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIBL 598 - Thesis


    This course is designed for students to conclude their graduate program in religion by writing a thesis that provides evidence of ability to do independent research and compile it in the form required by the faculty of graduate studies in religion.

    Credit Hours: 3
    Notes
    This course is offered to international graduate students at ETS and SEMISUD.
  
  •  

    BIBL 599 - Biblical Studies Area Exam/Thesis


    This course is designed for students to conclude their graduate program in religion by either sitting for an exam covering three areas of specialization, or writing a thesis that provides evidence of ability to do independent research and compile it in the form required by the faculty of graduate studies in religion.

    Prerequisites
    Permission of the Graduate Program Director.

    Credit Hours: 3

Biological Science

  
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    BIOL 103 - Human Biology


    A foundations course in biological science which focuses on the general concepts of life as demonstrated by the human body through its chemistry, organization and continuity. A practical and relevant approach to understanding and maintenance is presented. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-103L. Non-science majors only.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
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    BIOL 104 - Environmental Science


    A course that presents elementary concepts of scientific methodology and discusses issues relevant to understanding the natural environment and human activity. Scientific, political, and socioeconomic aspects of human activity related to the environment will be introduced and examined. This course will aim toward instilling an understanding of how and what scientifically-based points of view have contributed to the current climate of discussion regarding the environment. This course will emphasize the development of critical thinking as well as investigative and comprehension skills. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-104L. Non-science majors only.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 107 - Australian Wildlife Biology


    This lab science class is offered through a study abroad trip to Australia. The course will introduce the unique wildlife of Australia, providing an insight into the geographical and biological processes responsible for this uniqueness, and investigating the impact that humans have on diverse Australian ecosystems. The three week trip will allow students to visit a variety of these ecosystems and experience first hand their remarkable diversity, complexity and fragility. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-107L and GNST-252.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 109 - Principles of Biology I


    The first semester of a two semester sequence for majors in the biological sciences. The focus is on the foundational principles and concepts of life on planet earth. The processes of science are applied to the study of the nature of life. Life’s chemistry, organization, continuity and diversity are addressed. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-109L and FMPT-BIO (Freshman Major Pre-Test-Biology).

    Prerequisites
    High school biology and chemistry or permission of the instructor.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 110 - Principles of Biology II


    The second semester of a two semester sequence for majors in the biological sciences. The focus is on the foundational principles and concepts of life on planet earth. The processes of science are applied to the study of the nature of life. Life’s chemistry, organization, continuity and diversity are addressed. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-110L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-109.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 131 - Introduction to Forensics


    This course is intended to introduce students to the field of forensic science.  Laboratory activities will reinforce various forensics techniques introduced in lecture.

    Prerequisites
    None

    Credit Hours: 4
    Notes
    This course requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-131L (lab).
    This course will satisfy the general education lab science requirement for non-science majors (except in those majors where a specific science course is required).
  
  •  

    BIOL 242 - Genetics


    An introduction to the three areas of genetics, including traditional (Mendelian) genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics.  Laboratory work will introduce students to molecular genetics techniques currently used in research laboratories.  Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-242L.

     

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-110 and CHEM-112 (BIOL-109 and CHEM-112 for BIOCH.BS and BIOCP.BS, BIOL-110 and CHEM-112 for HSCPA, BIOL-110 and CHEM-113/119 for BIOLS.BST).

    Credit Hours: 4

  
  •  

    BIOL 271 - 274 - Special Topics in Biology


    A course used to comply with requests for special topics in biology. Lecture and laboratory hours will vary with the courses taught. May be repeated for credit. 

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-242.

    Credit Hours: 1 to 4
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 300 - Science Colloquy


    A series of formal lectures, position papers, and/or debates focused on a contemporary scientific issue. Presenters are normally recognized leaders holding a particular view.

    Credit Hours: 1
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 303 - Cell Biology


    A study of the relationship of cellular structure and function, with emphasis upon cellular energetics, biosynthesis and reproduction.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-242 and CHEM-281 (BIOL-242 for BIOLS.BST).

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 306 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy


    The study of the morphology, physiology and phylogeny of the organ systems of vertebrates. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-306L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321 or HSCI-285.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 309 - Invertebrate Zoology


    A survey of the invertebrate taxa of Kingdom Animalia to provide a foundation for further studies in environmental science and biodiversity. There will be an emphasis on field-related experiences in the laboratory component of this course. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-309L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303.

    Credit Hours: 4
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 310 - Vertebrate Zoology


    A survey of the vertebrate taxa of Kingdom Animalia to provide a foundation for further studies in environmental science and biodiversity. There will be an emphasis on field-related experiences in the laboratory component of this course. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-310L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303.

    Credit Hours: 4
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 311 - Entomology


    An introductory study of the basic structures, functions, development, behavior, diversity and control of insects. Emphasis will be placed upon biodiversity and the major roles played by these arthropods. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-311L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303.

    Credit Hours: 4
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 341 - Parasitology


    Life cycles, epidemiological factors, interrelationships of parasite and host, and underlying principles of treatment and prevention. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-341L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-109 and formal acceptance into the SOSMM Program.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 351 - Human Physiology


    A course designed to present the fundamental principles of physiology for students in biology, nursing, pharmacy, pre-med, pre-dental or other allied health professionals. It is designed to integrate and synthesize physiological processes among the different systems.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321 or HSCI-383.

    Credit Hours: 3
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 371 - 374 - Special Topics in Biology


    A course used to comply with requests for special topics and advanced studies in biology.  Lecture and laboratory hours will vary with the courses taught.  May be repeated for credit. 

    Prerequisites
    Will vary depending upon the specific topic.

    Credit Hours: 1-4
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 380 - Introduction to Research


    An introduction to the process of conducting scientific research, typically in the area of speciality of the instructor.  During the semester, the student will be responsible for conducting a literature review on the topic and will then develop and implement a research plan with methods and materials (and a chemical hygiene plan if required).  Appropriate data analysis and interpretation will follow completion of the practical component of the project, and the student will be encouraged to present their work in a departmental seminar or at a conference. 

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-242.

    Credit Hours: 2
    Notes
    Permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIOL 381 - Research


    Continuation of BIOL-380.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-380.

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    Permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIOL 382 - Research


    Continuation of BIOL-381.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-381.

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    Permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIOL 383 - Research


    Continuation of BIOL-382. 

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-382.

    Credit Hours: 1
    Notes
    Permission of instructor.
  
  •  

    BIOL 391 - Animal Behavior


    This course is an exploration into the proximate and ultimate causes of the actions animals perform.  What kinds of behavior do animals exhibit, how do they accomplish them, and what do they gain from doing them?  The study of animal behavior is particularly rewarding when we try to understand how an animal’s genes, physiology, ecology and evolutionary history are integrated into the development of the behavioral repertoire.  Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-391L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-242.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 394 - Ecology


    This course is about the patterns of life we see in the natural world. It is the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms, and the complex interaction of physical, chemical and biological factors that contribute to the formation of these patterns.  Human impacts on natural systems and processes will also be discussed.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-242.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 395 - Health Perspectives: Cancer


    This course will survey the nature, causes, prevention, treatment and future prospects of cancer. Although intended primarily for aspiring health professionals, it would be of benefit to everyone interested in learning more about these conditions and their impact on human society. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-395S (Service Learning).

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321 or HSCI-383 or instructor permission.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 403 - Molecular Biology


    A study of the principles and techniques of molecular biology with an emphasis on data analysis and comparison of prokaryotic and eukaryotic mechanisms.

    Prerequisites
    CHEM-322 or BIOL-303 for BIOLS.BST or permission of instructor.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 404 - Cell and Molecular Biology Laboratory


    An introduction to the laboratory methods for studying cell and molecular biology which include gene cloning and culture and manipulation of mammalian cells.  These experiments will serve to reinforce material learned in previous biology coursework.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321.

    Credit Hours: 2
  
  •  

    BIOL 431 - Structural Histology


    An introductory course in the study of cells, tissues and organs. Special emphasis will be placed on the relationship between structural organization and function.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 432 - Immunology


    A foundation study of current concepts and procedures in immunology. An examination of the immune system in both health and disease is emphasized.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 or CHEM-321.

    Credit Hours: 3
  
  •  

    BIOL 451 - Evolutionary Biology


    This course addresses themes pertinent to observational and theoretical evidences of contemporary evolutionary biology. The major conceptual underpinnings of modern evolutionary thought will be extensively discussed in light of a Christian worldview. This course will approach evolutionary biology and biblical thought philosophically and scientifically, emphasizing areas of corroboration, and stress the development of critical thinking, as well as investigative and comprehension skills. Requires co-requisite enrollment in BIOL-451L.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 and Senior status.

    Credit Hours: 4
  
  •  

    BIOL 465/475 - Practicum in Teaching


    A practicum which gives students the opportunity to gain teaching experience, enhance their knowledge of natural science and mathematics, and acquire skills that make them more attractive to prospective graduate schools. 

    Prerequisites
    Successful completion of 15hrs of regular major courses in their program.  Requires approval of application and permission of instructor.

    Credit Hours: 1
  
  •  

    BIOL 485 - Internship in Teaching Biology


    An internship which gives students the opportunity to gain teaching experience, enhance their knowledge of biology, and acquire skills that make them more attractive to prospective graduate schools.

    Prerequisites
    Completion of 15 hrs of BIOL major courses, approval of application, and permission from instructor.

    Credit Hours: 0
  
  •  

    BIOL 490 - Senior Seminar


    The primary focus of students will be to identify a potential research question and to develop a research project to address the question.  This will include writing a thorough grant proposal for the project, including going to the scientific literature to support the proposed research.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-303 and Senior status.

    Credit Hours: 1
  
  •  

    BIOL 491 - Senior Research


    Experience in science research projects under supervision of staff members.

    Prerequisites
    BIOL-490.

    Credit Hours: 2
    When Offered
    Offered on demand.
  
  •  

    BIOL 492 - Professional Presentation


    A course designed to give academic credit to those students who excel by preparing a research paper worthy of publication in a reputable scientific journal and/or presentation at an annual meeting of a recognized scientific society.

    Prerequisites
    Permission of instructor.

    Credit Hours: 1
 

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